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The Gadabursi (Somali: Gadaabuursi, Arabic: غادابوورسي‎), also known as Samaroon, is a northern Somali clan, a sub-division of

Most Gadabuursi members are descendants of Sheikh Samaroon. However, Samaroon does not necessarily mean Gadabuursi, but rather represents only a sub-clan of the Gadabuursi clan family.

As a Dir subclan, the Gadabuursi have immediate lineal ties with the Issa of Djibouti, the Surre (Abdalle and Qubeys) of central/southern Somalia, theBiyomaal of southern Somalia, the Gaadsan, the Gurgure and the Isaaq.

The Gadabuursi are concentrated in northwestern Somalia and are the pre-dominant clan of the Awdal region. The Gadabuursi primarily inhabit their traditional territories of Awdal, Salal (a new province carved out of Awdal), Djibouti and parts of Gabiley. They also inhabit the contiguous areas in the Jijiga Zone and the Shinile Zone in the Somali Region of Ethiopia.

Within Somaliland, they primarily inhabit the cities of Borama, Zeila, Lughaya, Baki, Gabiley and Dilla. In Djibouti, the Gadabuursi (Dir) are the 2nd largest Somali clan.

Politically, the Gadabursi are represented by the AWDAL STATEe .[1] The former president of the northwestern Somaliland region of Somalia, Dahir Rayale Kahin, also hails from the Gadabuursi clan.


[hide]*1 History


The Gadabursi Kingdom was established more than 600 years ago, and consisted of many elders and a King (Ugaas). Hundreds of elders used to work in four sections consisting of 25 elders each:

  • Social committee
  • Defence - policing authorities consisting of horsemen (referred to as fardoolay) and foot soldiers
  • Economy and collection of taxes
  • Justice committee

The chairmen of the four sections were called Afarta Dhadhaar, and were selected according to talent and personnel abilities. A constitution, Xeer Gadabursi , had been developed, which divided every case as to whether it was new or had precedents (ugub or curad).

The Gadabursi King and the elders opposed the arrival of the British at the turn of the twentieth century, and subsequently signed an agreement with the latter. Later, as a disagreement between the two parties both arose and intensified, the British installed some people against the Ugaas in hopes of overthrowing him. This would eventually bring about the collapse of the kingdom.

[edit]Clan treeEdit

There is no clear agreement on the clan and sub-clan structures and many lineages are omitted. The following listing is taken from the World Bank's Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics from 2005 and the United Kingdom's Home Office publication, Somalia Assessment 2001.[2][3]

  • Dir
    • Gadabuursi (Gadabursi)
    • Biinaal
    • Issa

In the south central part of Somalia the World Bank shows the following clan tree:[4]

  • Dir
    • Isaac
      • Garhajis
      • Habar Je'lo
      • Habar Awal
      • Habar Tol
    • Gadabursi
    • Isse
    • Biyomal
    • Gadsan
    • Qubeys

[edit]Notable figuresEdit

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